Earthquakes have disrupted societies since prehistory, and they continue to cause increasingly complex social problems. My project intervenes by working at the intersections of archaeology, literature, and natural sciences in order to define and investigate earthquakes in relation to developments of mainland Greek society from 1400-300 BCE. I establish methodologies for reconstructing a long-term earthquake record using geological, archaeological, and historical evidence and develop a quantitative model of risk and resilience at urban and regional scales using engineering techniques. This will aid in reinterpreting developments in ancient Greek society as I consider socio-economic and political conditions and material responses to earthquakes. My project expands dialogue on the problems surrounding environmental change and disaster. It also has implications for paths toward future resilience in modern urban settings where the potential for disasters is much higher due to dynamic populations, infrastructural systems, and social networks.