Shortly after arriving at Stanford in 2015, graduate student James Winter spent several months in Zambia where he witnessed first-hand how difficult it was for many families to access clean water. The work from that early project, overseen by Center faculty affiliate Jenna Davis, Associate Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, eventually developed into Winter’s own research questions. He is now measuring how transitioning to a high-quality source of water piped directly to a household’s yard can impact household economic activity, female entrepreneurship, and water quality.
The main push for extending access to clean water in sub-Saharan Africa has centered on shared community water sources such as boreholes, a vertical water well, with hand pumps. But Winter points out that there are limited economic and health benefits for households who must walk to collect their water from these sources.
James Winter is a 2016 Stanford Graduate Fellow.